Potential side effects are different between men and women. Common effects seen in men is jaundice, baldness, acne, breast tissue development, permanent liver damage and/or liver tumors and heart problems. Common side effects for women include jaundice, permanent deepening of their voice, increased facial hair, acne, permanent liver damage, heart problems and problems with their menstrual cycle. This list is not exhaustive, there are several other short and long-term side effects that are caused by steroid use. Most of the effects will gradually get better after cessation of the drug. However, there are grave and permanent risks involved whether the anabolic steroid is taken orally or with an injection.
Anabolic steroids are a type of substances whose chemical composition is similar to hormones such as testosterone. These substances are used by many sports persons and body builders to improve their fitness, and to increase their stamina and strength. In many sports, use of such substances is therefore illegal, because they are deemed to give undue advantage to their users. Apart from their illegality in many sports, there still are many negative side effects of anabolic steroids. Here we will discuss the 4 main disadvantages of using anabolic steroids.
Anabolic steroids can cause the development of acne. However, the extent to which it is experienced can be due to a number of varying factors, with the particular steroids and exact dosages used being primary. The skin´s sebaceous glands have a particularly high affinity to Dihydrotestosterone, which is an androgen the body naturally produces from testosterone via the enzyme 5-alpha Reductase. Increased sebaceous gland activity promotes oily skin which can combine with bacteria and dead skin (normal wear and tear) eventually causing pores to become clogged more quickly than the body can cleanse them. This of course, is preventable by using only particular steroids, cleansing the skin regularly, and perhaps using a topical anti-androgen.